Improve integration by developing interlinked national and subnational green growth strategies and measures where national governments enable and motivate subnational replication, and state and local governments provide leadership and support for national goals.
The relationship between national and subnational action is crucial. For example, regional policies on land use urban planning and transportation would be unviable, if not aligned with national development policies, technical standards, budget, and funding policies (Martinelli and Midturn, 2012). In this regard, national governments have important roles to play to achieve policy coherence with subnational governments. Two distinct, yet related practices emerge in terms of effective practices for integrating national and subnational green growth actions: engaging subnational governments in the development and implementation of national green growth actions, developing partnerships between national and subnational government, and creating a mechanism to feedback subnational successes into national policies and initiatives.
National green growth plans and strategies often do not account for, nor fully mobilize the potential contribution of subnational actions. Key factors include diverging or contradictory objectives; geographical mismatch between green growth challenges and administrative borders; uneven information and capacity; and lack of transparency (Charbit, 2011; OECD, 2013b). An acute risk is that subnational green growth actions do not effectively align with and contribute to national goals. It is thus crucial for national governments to recognize the potential contribution of subnational actions and engage subnational government in the planning process to ensure national ambitions are supported.