Best Practice Report


Monitoring and evaluation / Introduction

1. Introduction

Green growth monitoring and evaluation (M&E) aims to inform and strengthen program and policy decisions to transform economic development towards more environmentally benign and inclusive pathways. This chapter presents international experiences and lessons-learned on M&E practice relevant for green growth, and provides recommendations for developing an M&E system that facilitates effective green growth. In exploring the key question:
What practices enable effective green growth monitoring and evaluation?

we examine the following three sub-questions:

  1. Indicators: What indicators enable effective green growth M&E?
  2. Institutional arrangements: What institutional arrangements are required for effective green growth M&E?
  3. Communication and engagement: What communication and engagement approaches enable effective green growth M&E?

Additionally we consider if the M&E programs are conducted in a robust and efficient manner.

M&E is needed to provide feedback at multinational, national, local, and project levels, with approaches and metrics tailored to the appropriate scale, population, and sectors involved. At the same time connections need to be made across different scales. M&E systems are designed around targeted strategic objectives and intermediary results as determined by the theory of change of the intervention. These factors then should determine the indicator selection, institutional arrangements and the strategies for communication and engagement with stakeholders.
This chapter is based on a literature review and analysis of specific cases of M&E systems relevant for green growth.The focus of investigation includes the indicators utilized, institutional set up, and communication strategies. Besides variables and parameters reported in each case, we also give attention to contextual factors such as internal political dynamics and leadership at national and local levels. It should be noted that given the nascent stage of green growth efforts, and long time period requirements of M&E systems to reach final results and demonstrate durability, the assessment is preliminary.

What do we mean by green growth M&E?

Green growth M&E supports decision-making on policies and programs that are working to achieve both economic growth and environmental protection in tandem. It provides a means to judge whether policy and programs are effective and to learn from experience (Li and Li, 2012).

The purposes of M&E systems are broadly three-fold:

  • Transparency and accountability: providing evidence on the effectiveness of policies and measures and enable their instigators and implementers to be held accountable for performance.
  • Adaptive management: adjusting measures to be more effective; and
  • Learning: informing the development of future phases or new interventions by building understanding of successes and failures and their causal factors.

As Kusek and Rist (2004) state, “building an M&E system essentially adds… the feedback component with respect to outcomes and consequences of governmental action”.

The underlying assumption for this analysis is that effective M&E ultimately influences and informs green growth policy making and objectives (Lopez Acevedo et al., 2012).

Cases included: